Plant/part: Seeds (source: japan/usa )
Latin name: Piper nigrum
Aroma: Pungent aroma it stimulates and tones.
Properties: Use as pre-sports or dance rub to help maintain suppleness. One of the earliest used spices.
Gives tone to skeletal muscles. Dilation of local blood vessels makes it useful for muscular aches and pains, tired and aching limbs and muscular stiffness. Good oil to use before excessive exertion like sport. Also helpful with rheumatoid arthritis and temporary paralysis of the limbs. Fortifying effect on the stomach, increases flow of saliva and stimulates petite. Expels wind, quells vomiting and encourages peristalsis. Useful in bowel problems generally as it restores tone to colon muscles. Promotes urine and stimulates the kidneys. Banishes excess fat! Perhaps by aiding digestion of protein, such as rich meats. Generally expels toxins. Stimulates the circulation and may be helpful with anaemia since it reputedly aids the formation of new blood cells. Has a beneficial effect on respiratory illnesses particularly where there is a feeling of cold. Yet can bring down high temperatures in very small amounts.
Chemical constituents: Thujene, pinene, camphene, sabinene, carene, myrcene, limonene, phellandrene, betacaryohyllene.
Precautions: Black pepper can be a skin irritant, so must be used with care.
Blends: Blends well with rose, rosemary, sandalwood, marjoram and lavender, but should only be used in small amounts.